Republic Day - 26 January

India celebrates Republic Day on 26 January every year. The day marks the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950. The constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950.  26 January was chosen as the date for Republic Day as it was on that day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.

Republic Day Celebration

The main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath(officially named 'Kartavya Path'), before the President of India. During 1950-54, the 26th January parade was held at Irwin Stadium (now National Stadium), Kingsway, Red Fort, and Ramleela Maidan respectively.

Every year, the Prime Minister/ President/ or the ruler of another nation is invited as a guest for the Republic Day parade. The first parade was held on 26th January 1950, President of Indonesia Dr. Sukarno was invited as a guest. In 1955, when the first parade was held at Rajpath, the Governor-General of Pakistan Malik Ghulam Mohammad was invited.

On the eve of Republic Day, the President of India distributes Padma Awards to the civilians of India every year. 

Egypt president Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi will be the chief guest at Republic Day 2023 celebrations 

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