World Wildlife Day - 3 March

This day is globally celebrated on the 3rd of March and is closely aligned with Sustainable Development Goal 12, which is life without water, which focuses on marine species and highlights the problems, and critical issues of marine wildlife in our everyday life. 

The theme of world wildlife day 2023 is  “recovering key species for ecosystem restoration” 


India is home to several well-known large animals, including the Indian elephant, Indian rhinoceros, Bengal tiger Asiatic lion,  Indian leopard, Snow leopard, and Clouded leopard. 
India has a network of 998 protected areas including 106 national parks, 567 wildlife Sanctuaries, 105 conservation reserves, and 220 community reserves, covering a total of 1,73,629.52 km² geographical area of the country is approximately 5.28%.

World wide fund for nature-India (WWF India) was founded with the express objective of ensuring the conservation of the country’s wildlife and natural habitats.  It was set up as a charitable public trust on 27 November 1969.

  • Fleas can jump 350 times its body length. 
  • Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly backward. 
  • Crocodiles cannot stick their tongue out. 
  • Starfish do not have a brain. 
  • A polar bear’s hair is not white – it’s colourless. Each thick strand of hair is hollow and reflects the light, making the polar bear appear white. Beneath this transparent fur, the skin is black, to soak up any warmth from the sun and keep the bear as warm as possible.
  • A giraffe has seven bones in its neck, which is the same as a human has, but they are much larger.
  • The pattern of wrinkles on a gorilla’s nose is unique to each one and is known as a ‘nose print’. Conservation workers use photos and sketches of gorillas’ noses to keep track of individuals.
  • There are no male or female earthworms. All earthworms have both male and female parts – but it still takes two of them to reproduce.
  • A vampire bat’s teeth are so sharp that its bite may not be felt at all. Their saliva dulls any pain, so a bat may drink its victim’s blood for up to 30 minutes.
  • Hippos’ closest living relatives are aquatic mammals: whales, dolphins and porpoises.
  •  A chameleon’s tongue is at least as long as its body, but it can grab prey in a fraction of a second.

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